What are the 7 Chords to Know On Guitar?

Aspiring musicians and seasoned players alike understand the significance of chords in creating beautiful and harmonious melodies. Whether you’re a guitarist, pianist, or any other instrumentalist, knowing a variety of chords is essential for enhancing your musical repertoire. In this article, we will explore the seven fundamental chords that every musician should know. These chords lay the foundation for countless songs across different genres and provide a solid basis for your musical journey.

Understanding Chords

Before delving into the specific guitar chords, let’s briefly understand what chords are and how they function within music.

Chords are a combination of three or more notes played simultaneously, producing a harmonious sound. They add depth, richness, and emotion to melodies, providing a framework for musical expression.

Each chord has a distinct quality and tonality, allowing musicians to convey various moods and emotions through their compositions.

The Importance of Knowing Chords

Mastering chords is crucial for any musician, as it enables you to accompany yourself or others while playing an instrument or singing. By learning chords, you expand your musical vocabulary, enabling you to play a wide range of songs and improvise with confidence.

Understanding chords also enhances your ability to compose music, as you gain a deeper understanding of harmonies and progressions. Whether you’re a beginner guitarist or an experienced musician, investing time in learning chords will undoubtedly elevate your musical skills.

The Basics: Major and Minor Chords

Major and minor chords serve as the building blocks of music. The major chord, denoted by a capital letter (e.g., C), has a bright and uplifting sound. It consists of three notes: the root, the major third, and the perfect fifth. In contrast, the minor chord, represented by a lowercase letter (e.g., Cm), creates a more melancholic and introspective atmosphere. It comprises the root, the minor third, and the perfect fifth.

The Versatility of Power Chords

Power chords, popular in rock and metal genres, provide a powerful and energetic sound. They are simple two-note chords consisting of the root note and the perfect fifth. Due to their simplicity and versatility, power chords are widely used in guitar-driven music, allowing players to create heavy, distorted sounds and easily transpose songs to different keys.

Exploring Seventh Chords

Seventh chords add complexity and richness to compositions. They consist of four notes and are categorized into major, minor, and dominant variations. Major seventh chords create a dreamy and sophisticated atmosphere, while minor seventh chords evoke a mellow and contemplative mood. Dominant seventh chords, commonly used in blues and jazz, have a bold and resolving quality. By incorporating seventh chords into your playing, you can add color and depth to your musical arrangements.

Essential Chord Progressions

Chord progressions form the backbone of many songs. By understanding and experimenting with different progressions, you can create captivating musical journeys. Some popular progressions include the I-IV-V, commonly found in rock and blues, and the vi-IV-I-V, prevalent in pop music. Learning these foundational progressions enables you to play a vast array of songs and provides a framework for your own compositions.

Extended Chords and Suspended Chords

Extended chords expand upon the basic triads, incorporating additional notes for increased richness and complexity. Common examples include the ninth, eleventh, and thirteenth chords. These chords offer a broader sonic palette, allowing for more intricate harmonies. Suspended chords, on the other hand, replace the third of a major or minor chord with either the second (sus2) or the fourth (sus4), creating a suspended and unresolved sound that can add tension and intrigue to your music.

Jazz Chords: Dominant 7ths and Beyond

Jazz music embraces a unique set of chords that adds sophistication and complexity to compositions. Dominant seventh chords play a prominent role in jazz, creating tension and leading to resolving chords. Beyond dominant seventh chords, jazz musicians explore altered chords, extended chords, and voicings, allowing for intricate harmonic progressions and improvisations. Understanding jazz chords can unlock a world of creative possibilities and enhance your musical versatility.

Diminished and Augmented Chords

Diminished and augmented chords provide distinct tonalities that add tension and intrigue to music. Diminished chords create a dissonant and unstable sound, often used to transition between chords or as passing chords. Augmented chords, on the other hand, have an ambiguous and dreamlike quality, often used to evoke a sense of mystery or uncertainty. Incorporating these unique chord types into your playing can elevate your compositions and add unexpected twists to your music.

Playing with Inversions and Voicings

Inversions and voicings allow you to explore different ways of playing the same chord, adding variety and interest to your music. Inversions involve changing the order of the notes within a chord, while voicings refer to the specific arrangement of the notes on your instrument. By experimenting with inversions and voicings, you can find new and unique ways to voice chords, creating a more nuanced and personalized sound.

Common Chord Substitutions

Chord substitutions provide an opportunity to add freshness and uniqueness to familiar progressions. By replacing certain chords within a progression with substitutes, you can create unexpected harmonic twists and variations. Substitutions can range from simple alterations to more complex modal interchange or borrowed chords, allowing you to infuse your music with new flavors and textures.

Transposing Chords for Different Keys

Transposing chords involves changing the key of a song or composition while maintaining the same chord relationships. This skill is essential for accommodating different vocal ranges or playing in a more comfortable key. By understanding chord transposition, you can effortlessly adapt songs to suit your needs or collaborate with musicians who prefer different keys.

Chord Charts and Resources

To facilitate your chord learning journey, numerous chord charts and resources are available both online and in print. Chord charts provide visual representations of chords and their fingerings, making it easier to learn and memorize them. Online resources, such as interactive chord libraries and video tutorials, offer valuable guidance and insights from experienced musicians. Investing time in exploring these resources will undoubtedly accelerate your chord mastery.


Knowing a diverse array of chords empowers musicians to express themselves creatively, expand their musical horizons, and play a vast repertoire of songs. The seven chords discussed in this article provide a solid foundation for beginners and serve as a valuable reference for experienced musicians. By dedicating time to learn and exploring these chords, you embark on a musical journey filled with depth, emotion, and endless possibilities.


  1. Q: How long does it take to learn these seven chords?
    A: The time required to learn these chords varies from person to person, but with regular practice, you can become proficient within a few weeks or months.
  2. Q: Are these chords applicable to all instruments? A: Yes, these chords are applicable to a wide range of instruments, including guitar, piano, ukulele, and more.
  3. Q: Can I use these chords for songwriting? A: Absolutely! These chords serve as a strong foundation for songwriting and can be used to create melodies and harmonies in various genres.
  4. Q: Are there any shortcuts to memorizing chords? A: While there are no shortcuts, consistent practice, and repetition can significantly aid in memorizing and internalizing these chords.
  5. Q: Can I experiment and modify these chords? A: Absolutely! Music is a creative expression, and you’re encouraged to experiment, modify, and explore different variations of these chords to suit your musical style and preferences.
Related Articles